April 5, 2011

04/03/2011 JVNA Online Newsletter

Shalom everyone,

This update/Jewish Vegetarians of North America (JVNA) Online Newsletter has the following items:

1. Passover and Vegetarianism

2. Vegetarianism and Kashrut (the Kosher Laws)

3. Major Talk By Noted Environmental Author and Researcher Stresses That Reducing Meat Consumption Can Avert Climate Catastrophe

4. JVNA Website As a Valuable Tool

5. Letters Sent to the Jerusalem Post in Response to My Op-ED Article on Parshat Tzav

6. Great Short Video Shows the Major Impact of Animal-Based Agriculture on Climate Change

7. Important New Book on Animal Advocacy

8. VegFund a Valuable Support Group for Vegan Events

9. Tips for Tabling at Large Events, From VegFund

10. NY Times’ Mark Bittman’s Food Manifesto

11. Ten Studies on the Impact of Animal Agriculture on Climate Change

12. Posting Comments At the End of Online Articles Can Help Spread Vegetarian Messages

13. Chart Indicates Nutritional Benefits of Plant Products

14. Update On Veggie Pride Parade (Scheduled for May 15, 2011 in NY City)

15. Reform Rabbis Address “Ethical Eating”

16. Journal of Animal Ethics Launched

17. Israeli Sephardic Rabbis Oppose Foie Gras

Some material has been deferred to a later update/newsletter to keep this one from being even longer.

[Materials in brackets like this [ ] within an article or forwarded message are my editorial notes/comments.]

Opinions expressed do not necessarily represent the views of the JVNA, unless otherwise indicated, but may be presented to increase awareness and/or to encourage respectful dialogue. Also, material re conferences, retreats, forums, trips, and other events does not necessarily imply endorsement by JVNA or endorsement of the kashrut, Shabbat observances, or any other Jewish observances, but may be presented for informational purposes. Please use e-mail addresses, telephone numbers, and web sites to get further information about any event that you are interested in. Also, JVNA does not necessarily agree with all positions of groups whose views are included or whose events are announced in this newsletter.

As always, your comments and suggestions are very welcome.



1. Passover and Vegetarianism

Passover, which begins on the evening of April 18, provides another opportunity to promote vegetarianism. My article on “Passover and Vegetarianism” is in the holidays section, along with articles relating all the other Jewish holy days to vegetarianism, at JewishVeg.com/Schwartz. Please feel free to pass the article on, post it, and to use it as the basis of letters to editors, calls to talk shows, and talking points. Thanks.

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2. Vegetarianism and Kashrut (the Kosher Laws)

Rabbi Dovid Sears, a JVNA advisor and author of The Vision of Eden: Animal Welfare and Vegetarianism in Jewish Law and Mysticism has suggested that a good way to promote vegetarianism among Orthodox Jews is to show that it is easier to keep kosher as a vegetarian, and that an article summarizing the argument would be valuable.

He suggests 4 areas for consideration:

1) practical kashrus problems in the meat and fish industries; 2) Torah sources discouraging consumption of animals for kashrut reasons (he already has a few in the VOE);

3) advantages of vegetarianism from a kashrus point of view; and 4) rabbinic statements in favor of this position (should be a few anyway).

He further suggests that once there is enough material to work with, articles and letters to the Orthodox media could be written and submitted.

If you have suggestions or would like to help with such a study or draft an article, please let me know. Thanks.


Response to the message above by JVNA advisor and long-time Israeli vegetarian activist Shaya Kelter:

With regard to relating vegetarianism to kashrut my dream is to create a new kashrut hechsher sponsored by a major international organization in the field of kashrut: food would be declared kosher only if it met criteria of "tzar baalei chaim" – cruelty to animals – this would in include not only slaughter and preparation for slaughter but the raising of animals. This would affect dairy as well as meat. Issues of tzaar baalei chaim include separating calves from their mothers at birth and not allowing cow to ever graze.

The effect of such a hechsher would be several:

1. animal based food approved would be so expensive as to make animal consumption very greatly reduced for Jews who adhere to this type of hechsher. The economics would point many Jews in the direction of vegetarian or vegetarian most of the time.

2. It would raise awareness of the importance of treating animals compassionately.

3. It would help Jews understand that this is what the Torah expects.

I would expect opposition to acceptance of such standards by an organization such as the OU [Orthodox Union]. The opposition would be not only philosophical but economic. There are many who earn their living from the present system and they would be very opposed.

Perhaps at first this kind of hechsher could be offered as an alternative by a new kashrut organization. Perhaps eventually it could be adopted as an alternative by the OU.

Further thoughts about my proposal for a new hechsher - kashrut authorization. The Torah sanctions the eating of meat, including the killing of animals to be eaten, but with the proviso of not being cruel to these animals. The "heter" - the dispensation was given immediately after the Flood to Noah. However, the Torah does not sanction cruelty to animals. The kosher food industry is currently based on systemic cruelty to animals by default, by silence, by ignoring. It is not as mitzvah to eat meat. It is a mitzvah to not treat animals cruelly. I think this is the weak link in the armor of the carnivore advocates within the Orthodox community. Rather than attack them in their eating of meat, let's advocate adherence to the mitzvah of tzaar baalei chaim.

My metaphor is how the Feds finally nailed Al Capone, the number one leader of Organized Crime in the U.S. They couldn't get him on his main felonies but they got him on his tax evasion. It is very difficult to combat the desire of the majority to eat meat. Where we can succeed more easily is to insist on abidance with the mitzvah of not being cruel to animals.

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3. Major Talk By Noted Environmental Author and Researcher Stresses That Reducing Meat Consumption Can Avert Climate Catastrophe

The link below is to a talk by Robert Goodland, co-author of the November/December 2009 World Watch magazine cover article “Livestock and Climate Change.” This is a very important talk! Please help spread this message. Thanks.


It's been covered by one Chinese journalist, then picked up and run by other Chinese outlets. The original coverage, translated into English, is at


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4. JVNA Website As a Valuable Tool

As the message below indicates, our JVNA website is a very valuable tool for Jewish vegetarian outreach. So please let others know about it (www.JewishVeg.com">www.jewishVeg.com), and about my 140 articles and 25 podcasts of my talks and interviews and the complete text of my book Judaism and Vegetarianism all and more at www.JewishVeg.com/Schwartz.

Many thanks.


Forwarded message:


My name is Lior Zyser and I’m the Israeli Shlicha for the Jewish Federation of Peoria, IL. I wanted to thank you for being a great resource for everything that has to do with vegetarianism, going green, the environment and Judaism.

This coming Shabbat [March 26] I’m giving a Dvar Torah in a traditional synagogue about Parashat Shemini- that describes which animals are Kosher to eat in Judaism and I was having a really hard time writing something about it since I’m a vegetarian myself. A friend told me about your

organization and so I went on your web-site and found a lot of useful information for my sermon. Your site taught me a lot of new things and Jewish reasons for why vegetarian, and I enjoyed looking through it and quoting from it.

So thank you very much!

תודה רבה


Lior Zyser
Israeli Shlicha

Jewish Federation of Peoria

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5. Letters Sent to the Jerusalem Post in Response to My Op-ED Article on Parshat Tzav

My op-ed article is at:


The article only appeared on their website, but not in their print edition.


Richard Schwartz's excellent article on the differences between eating meat when meat---and the animals they came from--were hallowed in the days of the Temple, and today when kosher meat comes largely from factory farmed animals and the animal dies a most -unhallowed death in an industrial facility where perhaps as many as 2,000 head of cattle a day are slaughtered, should make every Jew who respects historic kashrut realize that we violate it daily. There was a time when Jews were cognizant of the ethics of food---now only appetite reigns.

Roberta Kalechosky, Ph.D., author of The Vegetarian Shabbat


Kudos to Dr. Schwartz on a compelling drash on Parshat Tzav, leading us to better understanding, higher spirituality, and a more compassionate and sustainable world. However, where Dr. Schwartz suggests "Avoid[ing] animal products that involve especially serious violations of tsa'ar ba'alei chaim", I wonder why we wouldn't want to avoid ALL products that violate this and other forms of Jewish justice. If not now, when?

Dan Brook, Ph.D.
The Vegetarian Mitzvah: www.brook.com/jveg

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6. Great Short Video Shows the Major Impact of Animal-Based Agriculture on Climate Change


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7. Important New Book on Animal Advocacy

Forwarded message from Wayne Pacelle, President & CEO, Humane Society of the United States:

A New Era in Animal Advocacy

Dear Richard,

I’ve put my 25 years of work, experience and hopes into my first book, The Bond: Our Kinship with Animals, Our Call to Defend Them, due out for release April 5 by William Morrow. I hope this will be the dawn of a new era in our movement to protect animals, and I'm excited to personally share with you why I chose to write this book.

Please watch this latest video in which I speak about writing The Bond, and then read some of the early feedback it has received. If you wish, you can also preorder a copy of The Bond from your favorite bookstore or online retailer.

Wayne Pacelle, President & CEO, Humane Society of the United States

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8. VegFund a Valuable Support Group for Vegan Events

Forwarded message from JVNA advisor, educator, and author Dan Brook:

I've done a few events sponsored by VegFund and it's always a great experience serving vegan food and drink, surprising people with generosity and good taste, educating them about health, compassion, and sustainability, and shifting some of them to a veg*n diet and lifestyle. I applied to VegFund, got approved, bought the food and drink, went to the location, set up, and served vegan food and literature, and then VegFund promptly reimbursed me after I sent them my report, photos, and receipts. I highly recommend it! Peace, Dan

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9. Tips for Tabling at Large Events, From VegFund

Hello [Spring &] Summer, Hello Festivals!

Tips for Successfully Tabling at Large Events
By: Zia Terhune, VegFund Co-Founder

Summer is festival season, and I can’t think of a better opportunity to get out from behind our computers and make a difference! I’ve participated in more than 20 large, multi-day festivals and have found that, with good planning, you can reach thousands of people with little more effort than you would for a much smaller event. By simply following the steps below, you’ll be on your way to a great vegan outreach experience!

1) Select an appropriate target audience. Choose a festival that has people who will be open to your message. For example, Frontier Days might have a ton of meat-eaters, but the Westside Arts Fest will have a greater number of future vegans. Use the VegFund Event Calendar to find a local fesival.

2) Plan ahead! Start planning 2-3 months in advance and have a checklist. The checklist on the VegFund website is a great place to start. Don't forget to research your local permitting requirements.

3) Create a simple menu. Sample out no more than three items. Focus on quality, not quantity. Usually two food items and one beverage (soy/nut milk) works best. At least one item should be a vegan meat alternative. Check out VegFund’s food sampling page for more sample suggestions and tips.

4) Test it out. Test and triple test the products you will serve. If making food samples yourself, use a kitchen that is clean and free from pet hair. Be sure to print out recipes to give to those who love your samples (usually 100 is a good number of copies).

5) Purchase a banner. Consider purchasing a colorful banner. Banners usually cost around $50, which is well worth the price if you plan on doing multiple tabling events. The banner will attract more passersby and you’ll be able to use it again and again.

6) Volunteers. Be kind to your volunteers. Ideally, shifts should be three hours. Be sure to thank everyone afterward.

7) Don’t be shy! Instead of waiting for people to approach your table or take your literature, appoint volunteers to get out from behind the table with leaflets and trays of samples.

8) Follow-up. Ask people to sign a VegPledge, invite them to a vegan potluck, collect email addresses and follow-up, or add them to a monthly AR newsletter. If you have other creative ideas for follow-up, please contact us.

9) You don’t have to serve everyone. Judging the number of food samples you’ll need can be challenging. But, keep in mind that it’s okay to run out of food…just make sure you always have more literature than food samples.

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10. NY Times’ Mark Bittman’s Food Manifesto


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11. Ten Studies on the Impact of Animal Agriculture on Climate Change


This is included to show how the message about connections between animal-based diets and climate change is spreading. But some of the articles may be out of date. A more recent analysis “Livestock and Climate Change” in the November/December issue of World Watch magazine argues that at least 51% of all human-induced greenhouse gases are from the world’s livestock sector.

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12. Posting Comments At the End of Online Articles Can Help Spread Vegetarian Messages

Forwarded message from JVNA advisor, educator, and author Dan Brook:

I often post comments with pro-veg messages and links at the bottom of online articles (which I recommend that we all do periodically).

Just today, I received a response telling me to "learn more" about nutrition, livestock farms, etc. I took it as another great opportunity to spread the message of health, compassion, and sustainability and get people thinking in a more positive direction, knowing that I wasn't only responding to the one person who posted, but potentially engaging thousands of other readers. Below is what I posted.

Peace, Dan

= = =

Should I learn more about how meat is laden with saturated fat and cholesterol, which are associated with heart disease, cancer, stroke, obesity, diabetes, Alzheimers, and other major killers? Should I learn more about how families suffer and also how these diseases dramatically decrease our productivity and increase health care costs?

Should I learn that animal products have cholesterol and never any fiber or anti-oxidants, while plant foods never have cholesterol and instead have healthy fiber and protective anti-oxidants?

Should I learn more about how meat is totally unnecessary for health and survival, while we can easily get all the nutrients we need from a plant-based diet and that we'll also be happier, healthier, more peaceful, more compassionate, and environmentally sustainable?

Should I learn more about the cruelty of raising animals for food and how those animals are killed when they're quite young, often as babies? Should I learn more about chickens being killed at only 6 weeks of age?

Should I learn more about debeaking, tail docking, branding, castrations, rape racks, etc., all without anesthesia?

Should I learn more about how the livestock industry is the #1 contributor to global warming, how it degrades the land, fouls the water, and pollutes the air?

Should I learn more about the role of animals raised for meat and the spread of diseases, such as E. coli, SARS, swine flu, bird flu, and other public health threats?

Should I learn more about the devastating role of meat in Amazon deforestation and species extinction?

Should I learn more about how millions and millions of people are vegetarian and vegan, living healthy and compassionate lifestyles?

Should I learn more about famous vegetarians, such as Socrates and Plato, Pythagoras, Isaac Newton, John Milton, Benjamin Franklin, Johnny Appleseed, St. Francis of Assisi, Leonardo da Vinci, Leo Tolstoy, Susan B. Anthony, Mohandas Gandhi, Albert Einstein, Cesar Chavez, Dalai Lama, Alice Walker, Benjamin Spock, Gloria Steinem, John Rawls, Carl Sagan, Jane Goodall, Carl Lewis, Paul McCartney, and many others?

Learn more at

Eco-Eating at http://www.brook.com/veg
and many other sites and sources

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13. Chart Indicates Nutritional Benefits of Plant Products

This chart is awesome! Everyone can use it. Please pass it on to others.

Do share this Chart with everyone

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14. Update On Veggie Pride Parade (Scheduled for May 15, 2011 in NY City)

Forwarded message from parade organizer Pamela Rice:

You can always send people to this Web site


People do not have to come to the meeting. They can contact me any time.

info@vivavegie.org or 212-242-0011

There are other meetings scheduled, per open Google calendar page:


Thank you very much !!

Pamela R.


On Mar 23, 2011, at 1:36 PM, Pamela Rice wrote:

WHAT: Meeting, volunteering for VEGGIE PRIDE PARADE 2011

Contact Pamela for latest times and places:

We'll eat, then get to work divvying up the responsibilities:

If you already know what you want to do (see following list) contact Pamela Rice to sign up (and avoid the meeting)

info@vivavegie.org or 212-242-0011


* Publicize parade to your social network (Facebook, Twitter, Meetup, Yahoo, Google, etc., etc.) We'll give you text copy to use. (Everyone can do this.)

* Help our publicity expert by posting parade info to media sites (we'll show you how to do this)

* Arrange for a food donations (vegan only, of course).

* Engage in outreach to the local vegan community. Collect menus for expo menu table; post poster; inform vegan businesses of parade.

* Make phone calls to potential prize donors to costume contest

* Help with "invite" mailing to about 75 public officials prior to parade

* Network with the Meetup groups.

* Contact pro-veg nonprofit groups to ask them to donate veg literature (NAVS, PeTA, PCRM, Mercy for Animals, etc.).

* Stuff bags full of donated pro-vegan literature.

* Notify APs Day Book.

* Distribute promo post cards (we'll have 7,000 cards by April 2).

* Engage and nurture potential funding sources



In the morning 9:30 a.m. at Union Square Park area

* Help carting boxes from our office on Union Square West to expo site (north end of Union Square Park)

* Label exhibit tables in morning prior to parade; lay down kraft-paper on tables.

* Be a personal assistant to organizer Pamela Rice.


At line-up and during parade (11 a.m. to 1 p.m.)

* Manage the sign boards: pass them out, make sure we get them back.

* Assist photographers on ladders (we'll have three).

* Megaphone management: pass them out at parade line-up, and make sure you get them all back afterwards.

* Leaflet during the parade.

* Twitter during parade to official parade Twitter site.


After parade at the expo in the north end of Union Square Park begins (about 1 p.m.)

* Banner management. Banners need to be properly hoisted on stages, then properly cared for and accounted for after parade.

* Man a Flip (video camera) with tripod; we'll have four pointed at stages and exhibitor tables.

* Be a personal assistant to expo manager Alan Rice.

* Menu table management & oversight. Keep menus neat and tidy throughout the day at the post parade rally & expo. They get picked over awfully fast.

* Assist sound technician and dj throughout the day.

* Oversee exhibitor tables: make sure exhibitors are abiding by all Parks Dept. rules and guidelines.

* Distribute food (food donations) to hungry crowds at post-parade expo.

* Pass out flyers and programs during the post-parade expo.

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15. Reform Rabbis Address “Ethical Eating”

Thanks to JVNA advisor, author, lecturer, editor, and publisher Roberta Kalechofsky for forwarding the article below to us:

Reform Rabbis Put Forth Options for Ethical Eating

"The Sacred Table," Book Featuring Jewish Voices on Food Trends, Launches at Gathering of Reform Rabbis, World's Largest Group of Jewish Clergy

NEW ORLEANS, LA--(Marketwire - March 30, 2011) -

Highlighted Links

The world's Reform rabbis, the largest group of Jewish clergy, have put forth options and models for ethical eating and approaches to food in the 21st Century.

In publishing "The Sacred Table: Creating a Jewish Food Ethic" (CCAR Press, March 2011), the Central Conference of American Rabbis (CCAR), the professional organization of nearly 2,000 Reform rabbis, offers how-to's for creating a meaningful Jewish food ethic and putting it into practice.

Themes include concern for oppressed agricultural and food workers; kindness to animals; guarding one's health, including food allergies and eating disorders; the spirituality of eating and fasting; caring for the hungry; environmental ethics; the local food ethos; perspectives on kosher (Kashrut); scarcity and sustainability; and food preparation as a Holy act.

"At a time when food and issues of eating and sustainability are on our minds and in the news, "The Sacred Table" offers up groundbreaking Jewish perspectives. It enables us to engage with Jewish values regarding food and eating, and apply those values to contemporary concerns," said Rabbi Mary L. Zamore, the editor of "Sacred Table."

"The Sacred Table," comprised of a series of essays by a range of thinkers, was introduced here at the 122nd Annual Convention of the CCAR at an evening event devoted to sustainability topics. (The overall theme of the Convention is a New Vision for Reform Judaism.)

"The book doesn't take a position on any one approach to food. Rather, it offers models and options, and underscores questions to ask about ethical eating," said Rabbi Zamore.

Rabbi Mary L. Zamore (editor of "The Sacred Table") is the associate rabbi of Temple B'nai Or in Morristown, New Jersey. She writes frequently on a range of topics, including food and food ethics. To learn more about "The Sacred Table," visit www.ccarpress.org.


Itay Engelman

Sommerfield Communications, Inc.


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16. Journal of Animal Ethics Launched


IMMEDIATE: 2 April 2011

Launch of ground-breaking Journal of Animal Ethics

A ground-breaking new journal covering the issue of animal ethics has been launched by a US and UK academic partnership with the goal of widening international debate about the moral status of animals. This month, the University of Illinois Press will publish the pioneering new Journal of Animal Ethics (JAE), the result of years of collaboration between the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics and the University Press.

The Journal of Animal Ethics, which is to be published bi-annually in the summer and winter, is jointly edited by the internationally known theologian the Reverend Professor Andrew Linzey, Director of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, and Professor Priscilla Cohn, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at Penn State University and Associate Director of the Centre. The JAE is the first academic journal in the world to include the phrase “animal ethics” in its title.

“For far too long, academics have been slow to contribute to the burgeoning public debate about animal ethics. This is an opportunity for them to make their contribution to a multidisciplinary journal that aims to put animal ethics on the academic map” said Professor Andrew Linzey. “We want to ensure that animals receive the academic attention they deserve.”

The Journal comprises: full-length scholarly articles, “argument” pieces in which authors will advance a particular perspective (usually related to current affairs) or respond to a previous article, review or research report, as well as review articles and book reviews.

The JAE is devoted to the exploration of progressive thought about animals and is multidisciplinary in nature and international in scope. It covers theoretical and applied aspects of animal ethics that will be of interest to academics from both the humanities and the sciences, as well as professionals working in the field of animal protection. It aims to publish ground-breaking work written by new and established academics from a wide range of disciplines including anthropology, ethics, history, law, literature, linguistics, political theory, religion and science.

In the first issue of the JAE: David M. Lavigne and William S. Lynn address Canada’s commercial seal hunt; Joel Marks writes on how animal suffering is unrecognized in research; Andrew Fenton and Frederic Gilbert question the use of animals in spinal cord research; Judith Benz-Schwarzburg and Andrew Knight examine the cognitive abilities of animals and asks how long they can be denied similar rights to humans; Grace Clement asks whether animals can be classed as “pets or meat”? Barbro Froding, Martin Peterson, and Mark J. Rowlands debate whether animal ethics should be based on friendship, and Jan Deckers and Jay B. McDaniel debate whether Whiteheadians should be vegetarians.

To subscribe to the Journal, please visit the Journal’s website at http://www.press.uillinois.edu/journals/jane.html. Contributions to the Journal are welcomed and submission guidelines can be found on the JAE’s website.

For more press information please contact Sam Calvert, Samantha Calvert Marketing & PR, sam@samcalvert.plus.com / +44 (0)1782 505430 / +44 (0)7967 042050 or Jeff McArdle, Associate Journals Manager at the University of Illinois Press, jmcardle@uillinois.edu on + 1 -217-244-0381.

Notes to editors

· The Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, founded in 2006 by its director Professor Andrew Linzey, is an independent Centre with the aim of pioneering ethical perspectives on animals through academic research, teaching and publication. The Centre has more than 50 Fellows drawn from a variety of academic disciplines from throughout the world. For more information about the Centre and its Fellows please see its website at www.oxfordanimalethics.com.

· The Revd Professor Andrew Linzey is a Member of the Faculty of Theology, University of Oxford. He has written or edited 20 books, including Animal Theology (SCM Press/University of Illinois Press, 1994) and Creatures of the Same God (Winchester University Press, 2007), and Why Animal Suffering Matters (Oxford University Press, 2009).

· Professor Priscilla N. Cohn is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at Abington College, Penn State University. She has taught courses on animal ethics for 35 years, and lectured on five continents. Her books include Contraception in Wildlife, Book 1 (Edwin Mellen Press, 1996) and Ethics and Wildlife (Edwin Mellen Press, 1999).

· The Centre is dedicated to the memory of the celebrated Catalan philosopher José Ferrater Mora. His prodigious scholarship is widely acclaimed, and the Centre honours his name because of his outstanding contribution to humanitarian thought, particularly in the area of animal ethics.

· Founded in 1918, the University of Illinois Press ranks as one of the USA’s larger and most distinguished university presses. It publishes works of high quality for scholars, students, and the citizens of the state and beyond. More information about the University of Illinois Press and the JAE can be found here: http://www.press.uillinois.edu/journals/jane.html. The JAE’s Facebook page can be found at http://www.facebook.com/pages/Journal-of-Animal-Ethics/150427961683536?v=info&sk=info#info_edit_sections.

The Revd Professor Andrew Linzey, PhD, DD
Director of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics,
Honorary Research Fellow, St Stephen's House, Oxford,
Member of the Faculty of Theology, University of Oxford,
and Honorary Professor, University of Winchester.


Centre's website: www.oxfordanimalethics.com

Journal for Animal Ethics: http://www.press.uillinois.edu/journals/jane.html

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17. Israeli Sephardic Rabbis Oppose Foie Gras

Forwarded message:

Shalom Richard,

How are you? I just wanted to let you know that this week's Yom leyom - which is Shas' official newspaper - has a big piece dedicated to the halachic prohibition to eat foie gras, by none other than Rabbi Ovadia Yosef. Turns out that Chief Sephardi Rabbi Shlomo Amar also ruled similarly. They said that even thought the tubes are shorter now and cause less internal damage, due to tza'ar ba'alei chayim, Jews shouldn't consume it...

Shabbat shalom and all the best,


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