October 4, 2007

10/2/2007 JVNA Online Newsletter

Shalom everyone,

This update/Jewish Vegetarians of North America (JVNA) Online Newsletter has the following items:

1. Chag Samayach/Happy Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah

2. Vegetarianism: The Best Way to Help the Environment?

3. Animal Voice Magazine to Feature My Article, Co-authored With Dan Brook

4. More Re Campaign to Get Al Gore to Become a Vegetarian and to Endorse It

5. Animal Rights Proclamation To Be Unveiled

6. A World Vegetarian Day Quiz

7. New Book Explores Environmental Threats From Animal Grazing

8. Upcoming Green Business NY City Walking Tours

9. PCRM Action Alert re Farm Bill

10. Great Article for World Vegetarian Day

11. Action Alert: Urge CBS To Stop the Killing of Animals For Entertainment

Some material has been deferred to a later update/newsletter to keep this one from being even longer.

[Materials in brackets like this [ ] within an article or forwarded message are my editorial notes/comments.]

Opinions expressed do not necessarily represent the views of the JVNA, unless otherwise indicated, but may be presented to increase awareness and/or to encourage respectful dialogue. Also, material re conferences, retreats, forums, trips, and other events does not necessarily imply endorsement by JVNA or endorsement of the kashrut, Shabbat observances, or any other Jewish observances, but may be presented for informational purposes. Please use e-mail addresses, telephone numbers, and web sites to get further information about any event that you are interested in. Also, JVNA does not necessarily agree with all positions of groups whose views are included or whose events are announced in this newsletter.

As always, your comments and suggestions are very welcome.



1. Chag Samayach/Happy Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah

The many Jewish holidays in the Hebrew month of Tishrei, starting with Rosh Hashanah, end this week with Shemini Stzeret and Simchat Torah, starting at sundown on Wednesday, October 3. Please see my article relating vegetarianism to Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah at the holidays section at JewishVeg.com/Schwartz, and please feel free to forward the article and use the concepts for your letters and talking points.

On Simchat Torah, we complete the Torah reading and then immediately start again. This means that on Simchat Torah and again on this coming Shabbat, Genesis 1:29, the Torah verse that has G-d’s first, completely vegan, dietary regimen, will be read. Let us hope that this new year on the Jewish calendar will be one in which much progress toward vegetarianism and other positive lifestyle changes will occur.

Return to Top

2. Vegetarianism: The Best Way to Help the Environment?


September 22, 2007
Why Vegetarianism Is the Best Way to Help the Environment
By Bruce Friedrich
In 1987, I read Diet for a Small Planet by Frances Moore Lappé and-primarily for human rights and environmental reasons-went vegan. Two decades later, I still believe that-even leaving aside all the animal welfare issues-a vegan diet is the only reasonable diet for people who care about the environment or global poverty.
This past November, the environmental problems associated with eating chickens, pigs, and other animals <http://goveg.com/environment.asp> were the subject of a 408-page United Nations (U.N.) scientific report titled Livestock's Long Shadow.

The report found that the meat industry contributes to "problems of land degradation, climate change and air pollution, water shortage and water pollution, and loss of biodiversity." The report concludes that the meat industry is "one of the ... most significant contributors to the most serious environmental problems, at every scale from local to global."

Eating Meat Is the Number One Consumer Cause of Global

Al Gore, Leonardo DiCaprio, and others have brought the possibility of global cataclysm into sharp relief. What they have not been talking about, however, is the fact that all cars, trucks, planes, and other types of transportation combined account for about 13 percent of global warming emissions, whereas raising chickens, pigs, cattle, and other animals contributes to 18 percent, according to U.N. scientists. Yes, eating animal products contributes to global warming <http://goveg.com/environment-globalwarming.asp> 40 percent more than all SUVs, 18-wheelers, jumbo jets, and other types of travel combined.

Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide together cause the vast majority of global warming. The livestock sector is one of the largest sources of carbon dioxide and the single largest source of both methane and nitrous oxide emissions. In fact, according to the U.N., eating meat "accounts for 9 per cent of CO2 deriving from human-related activities, but produces a much larger share of even more harmful greenhouse gases. It generates 65 percent of human-related nitrous oxide, which has 296 times the Global Warming Potential of CO2. Most of this comes from manure."

The Live Earth Global Warming Survival Handbook explains that "refusing meat" is "the single most effective thing you can do to reduce your carbon footprint" (emphasis in original).

Eating Meat Wastes Resources

It takes more than 10 times as many calories of feed given to an animal to get one calorie back in the form of edible fat or muscle. In other words, it's exponentially more efficient to eat grains, soy, or oats directly rather than feed them to farmed animals so that humans can eat those animals.
When you factor in everything else, the situation gets much worse <http://goveg.com/environment-wastedResources-energy.asp> . Think about the extra stages of production that are required to get dead chickens, pigs, or other animals from the farm to the table:
1. Grow more than 10 times as much corn, grain, and soy (with all the required tilling, irrigation, crop dusters, and so on), as would be required if we ate the plants directly.
2. Transport-in gas-guzzling, pollution-spewing 18-wheelers-all that grain and soy to feed manufacturers.
3. Operate the feed mill (again using massive amounts of resources).
4. Truck the feed to the factory farms.
5. Operate the factory farms.
6. Truck the animals many miles to slaughterhouses.
7. Operate the slaughterhouses.
8. Truck the meat to processing plants.
9. Operate the meat processing plants.
10. Truck the meat to grocery stores (in refrigerated trucks).
11. Keep the meat in refrigerators or freezers at the stores.

With every stage comes massive amounts of extra energy usage-and with that comes heavy pollution and massive amounts of greenhouse gases, of course. Obviously, vegan foods require some of these stages, too, but vegan foods cut out the factory farms, the slaughterhouses, and multiple stages of heavily polluting tractor-trailer trucks as well as all the resources (and pollution) involved in each of those stages.

Eating Meat Wastes and Pollutes Water

Enormous quantities of water are used to irrigate the corn, soy, and oat fields that are dedicated to feeding farmed animals-and massive amounts of water are used in factory farms and slaughterhouses. According to the National Audubon Society, raising animals for food requires about as much water as all other water uses combined. Environmental author John Robbins <http://www.foodrevolution.org/> estimates that it takes about 300 gallons of water to feed a vegan for a day, four times as much water to feed an ovo-lacto vegetarian, and about 14 times as much water to feed a meat-eater.

Raising animals for food is also a water-polluting process

<http://goveg.com/environment-waterwedrink.asp> . According to a report prepared by U.S. Senate researchers, animals raised for food in the U.S. produce 86,000 pounds of excrement per second-that's 130 times more than the amount of excrement that the entire human population of the U.S. produces! According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the runoff from factory farms pollutes our rivers and lakes more than all other industrial sources combined.

Eating Meat Supports Cruelty

Caring for the environment means protecting all of our planet's inhabitants, not just the human ones. Chickens, pigs, turkeys, fish, and cows are intelligent, social animals <http://www.goveg.com/amazingAnimals.asp> who feel pain, just as humans, dogs, and cats do. Yet these animals suffer extreme pain and deprivation in today's factory farms <http://www.meat.org/> . Considering the proven health benefits of a vegetarian diet-the American Dietetic Association states that vegetarians have a reduced risk of obesity, heart disease, obesity, and various types of cancer <http://goveg.com/healthConcerns.asp> -there's no need or excuse to eat chickens, pigs, eggs, and other animal products. Vegan foods are available everywhere and taste great; as with all foods, you just need to find the ones you like. Visit GoVeg.com <http://www.goveg.com/> for more information, recipes, and product suggestions.

Bruce Friedrich is the vice president for campaigns at People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). He has been an environmental activist for more than 20 years.

Return to Top

3. Animal Voice Magazine to Feature My Article, Co-authored With Dan Brook

In a message dated 9/25/07 11:07:36 AM, veda@animalsvoice.com writes:

Hi Richard,

And, I forgot to let you know that your article on global warming is the lead article in the next issue of The Animals Voice Magazine! The magazine will be in the mail in the next few weeks.

I recommend sending people to this page for specific information about The Animals Voice Magazine:

[I subscribe to Animals Voice magazine, and I highly recommend it.]

Thank you SO much!

Bye for now,
Veda [Stram], editor

Return to Top

4. More Re Campaign to Get Al Gore to Become a Vegetarian and to Endorse It


PETA Billboard Asks Al Gore, 'Too Chicken to Go Vegetarian?

In Campaign Debut, Group's Mobile Billboard Will Dog Ex-Veep in Austin 
Over His Addiction to Meat-the Leading Cause of Global Warming, Austin, Texas –

Showing a cartoon of a flabby Al Gore munching on a 
drumstick next to the tagline "Too Chicken to Go Vegetarian? Meat Is the
#1 Cause of Global Warming," PETA's new truck-mounted billboard will
 circle the Frank Erwin Center at the University of Texas throughout the
 day on Monday, October 1, including while Al Gore is giving a speech 
inside. Why Gore? Although Gore has done great work to raise awareness
 about global warming, he has largely ignored the facts that the meat
industry is the leading source of greenhouse-gas emissions and that 
going vegetarian is the most effective way to reduce one's impact on the
 environment. PETA will display the billboard -- from fixed sites as well
 as advertising trucks -- wherever Gore makes a public appearance over 
the next several months.

 Consider what scientists are saying:

* In its recent report Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and
 Options, the United Nations determined that raising animals for food
 generates more greenhouse gases than all the cars, trucks, SUVs, planes,
 and ships in the world combined. The report goes on to say that meat is
 "one of the top two or three most significant contributors to the most
 serious environmental problems, at every scale from local to global."

* Researchers at the University of Chicago have determined that 
switching to a vegan diet is 50 percent more effective in countering
 global warming than switching from a standard American car to a Toyota 

"You can't express concern for global warming if there's a drumstick in
 your mouth," says PETA President Ingrid E. Newkirk. "Mr. Gore is
 ignoring a scientifically established fact: There's no such thing as a 
meat-eating environmentalist because meat-eating is the main culprit. "

For more information, please visit PETA.org .

Return to Top

5. Animal Rights Proclamation To Be Unveiled

[If you have suggestions re Jewish leaders who might attend this important event, please let me know. Thanks.]

Subject: Best Friends - Summit Invitation
From: "Kris" krish@bestfriends.org
Date: Tue, September 25, 2007 9:27 pm

To Our Leadership Team,

On November 7, 2007, religious leaders from around the country and the world will gather in Washington D.C. for an historic Summit to sign "A Religious Proclamation of Animal Compassion," a document which, as you know, is the result of your work. Because we cannot imagine this event without your presence, we would like to extend a formal invitation to you to be an integral part of the event that will surround the unveiling and signing of the Proclamation. It will take place in the historic Cannon House Office Building Caucus Room in the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.(http://www.aoc.gov/cc/cobs/chob.cfm). It is scheduled to begin at 9:30 a.m. and continue through noon with the possibility of some other events later that afternoon. In addition, there may be opportunities for you to meet with your congressional leaders to discuss the significance of this movement and what they can do to support it. I will be forwarding this information to you in a separate email.

In the meantime, we would be deeply honored if you would consider joining us for this historic event, which represents an unprecedented opportunity to be on the leading edge of a truly remarkable movement. If finances present an obstacle to your ability to attend,

We stand on the threshold of a new movement for the animals with whom we share the planet. It is my great hope that we can step through that
threshold, together, on November 7th. Will you let me know with an RSVP to this email, either way? Thanks, and I hope to hear from you soon!

Gratefully, Kris

Kris Haley

Manager of Multifaith Outreach/Animals & Religion
Best Friends Animal Society
5001 Angel Canyon Road
Kanab, UT 84741

"A better world through kindness to animals"

Return to Top

6. A World Vegetarian Day Quiz

[I highly recommend this quiz. It is a fun, educational experience. I got 17 out of 20 correct, and 19 out of 20, on my 2nd attempt.]

World Vegetarian Day 2007 - Quiz: Meat and Climate Change
European Vegetarian Union

1 October 2007

For World Vegetarian Day this year, we thought we would do something a bit different. One of the most serious issues on the agenda is climate change. There is a lot of talk about the environment and what affects climate change, such as carbon emissions from cars. However, what people may not know is the devastating impact of the meat industry on the environment.

To test your knowledge, and for a bit of fun, we have created a quiz on the subject of meat and climate change. The quiz can be found on our website under Vegetarian Day Quiz.


The answers are revealed after submitting your responses, along with sources of information where you can further research the topics mentioned.

If you have any questions or comments about the campaign and the quiz, or for further information, please contact: Shabari Monica Saha at

European Vegetarian Union
Bahnhofstrasse 52
CH-9315 Neukirch (Egnach)
Fax: +41 (0)71 477 33 78

Return to Top

7. New Book Explores Environmental Threats From Animal Grazing

Below is background information from author Mike Hudak about his new book Western Turf Wars: The Politics of Public Lands Ranching which went on sale October 1st. I've probably provided more information than you require, so feel free to just extract what you want. I've also included the text of this email in an attached MS Word document.

[I have worked with Mike for many years, and he has been doing a great job educating people about the negative effects of public lands ranching. His interview of me is in the last section at JewishVeg.com/Schwartz.]

Thanks very much for your help in promoting my book.--Mike

Here's the cover blurb:

For more than a century the world has been entertained by the fictional stories of brave cowboys and upstanding ranchers who allegedly loved the American West and fought to protect it in the nineteenth century. This is the "cowboy myth"--a Home on the Range fiction generated by books, articles, films, music, and television shows that still benefits twenty-first century ranchers today.

Reality on the range is something quite different. Today, as in the past, western ranching degrades, even destroys, millions of acres of wildlife habitat on public lands. Scarce water supplies are threatened. Fragile ecosystems endangered. This environmental destruction continues in spite of numerous laws and regulations intended to make the management of livestock grazing ecologically sustainable. Why do such environmental impacts persist? Are the laws inadequate? Are the agencies incapable of enforcing the laws? Are the management techniques ineffective? And what role does the livestock industry, and ranchers themselves, play in the management?

Seeking answers to these and many other questions, Mike Hudak traveled throughout the West speaking with former employees of wildlife- and land-management agencies, and citizens who have long advocated for better management of our public lands. Western Turf Wars is a compilation of these accounts--testimonies that reveal how and why the management agencies have failed to protect our public lands. Underlying that management failure is the cowboy myth's social and political legacies.

Western Turf Wars tells the stories of the real heroes of the wild West in their own words-penetrating the media fictions of the past to reveal the stories of ordinary people who stand up for our environmental laws even when doing so subjects them to political coercion in the workplace or persecution in the communities where they live.


"The horrendous damage done to millions of acres of fragile public lands in the arid West by overgrazing livestock has been documented in a number of books, media articles, and scientific journals in recent years. Less often told is the real story about the ultimate cause of this devastation of our public heritage: the blatant and unconscionable wielding of political influence on the part of too many agency officials, politicians, and stockmen (and women) to keep those numbers (and damage) at unsustainable levels. This captivating and absorbing book puts it all together-and in such a special, compelling manner, that it has become one of the best environmental books I have ever read. It is the tale of some of the brave men and women who worked, against great odds, to protect the vast publicly-owned rangelands of the West that they loved. And because it's told in their own words, through a series of interviews, it adds a unique human immediacy, and dimension-and power, to an unhappily too-familiar scenario."
--Brock Evans, president, Endangered Species Coalition

"Mike Hudak has performed a very valuable service documenting the comments of all these people, especially the older ones who have been in the trenches for all these years. I also believe the stories are more meaningful than data and that Hudak's intuition to go that route is right on target. This is going to be a very important book in conservation history."
--George Wuerthner, ecological projects director, Foundation for Deep Ecology; photographer; author/editor of 33 books, including Welfare Ranching and Wildfire: A Century of Failed Forest Policy
[My review of George Wuerthner’s book on welfare ranching is in the reviews section at JewishVeg.com/Schwartz, and I have an article in that book.]

"If the western wild means as much to you as the Wild West, if you're concerned about environmental destruction, about waste and injustice, then read Mike Hudak's Western Turf Wars."
--Lynn Jacobs, author Waste of the West

"If you care about our public lands, Western Turf Wars is a must read."
--Howard Lyman, LLD, president and founder, Voice for a Viable Future; author Mad Cowboy: The Plain Truth from the Cattle Rancher Who Won't Eat Meat and NO MORE BULL! The Mad Cowboy Targets America's Worst Enemy: Our Diet

Sales information:

The 396-page hardcover book includes endnotes, glossary, references, and an index. Copies can be purchased at http://www.westernturfwars.com for $30.00 each plus shipping and handling.

Publisher: biomebooks@yahoo.com


Mike Hudak, PhD, Director
Public Lands Without Livestock
38 Oliver Street
Binghamton, NY 13904-1516

Phone: 607.330.0351
Web: http://mikehudak.com
Western Turf Wars: http://westernturfwars.com

Return to Top

8. Upcoming Green Business NY City Walking Tours

Forwarded message from tour guide Les Judd:

The Green Business NYC Walking Tours are the only tours of their kind in New York City! You will visit the newest, coolest, and greenest places in New York City. You will learn how to be an eco-conscious consumer and you will have lots of fun!

Sunday, 10/14

1:00 - 4:00 PM
Mid-town and Garment District

Featured Stops Include:

* 4 Times Square - a new green office building
* Wonderful green stores
* Great parks, sculpture and history

Meet at 4 Times Square at 1 pm.

Friday, 10/26

1:00 - 4:00 PM
Eco-Fashion Tour of Garment District and Chelsea (Re-scheduled from August 10)

Featured Stops Include:

* Women's Dress Design Studio
* Wonderful Green Stores
* The Fashion Walk
* Organic Chocolate Factory-free samples!

Tours are only $25 per person. Students and repeat customers pay only $15. Steady rain cancels.

Reservations are strongly recommended. Please call Les at 718.530.5074 or send an e-mail to: les@greenbusinessnyc.com
We are happy to customize a tour for your school group, religious organization, community group, or professional association on the date and time of your choice. Call 718.530.5074 for details.

Please don't hesitate to contact us if you need more information:

Green Business in the Five Boroughs
Les Judd
President and Founder
474 West 238th Street, #6i
Bronx, NY 10463

Return to Top

9. PCRM Action Alert re Farm Bill

Dear Mr. Schwartz,

Ever wonder why cheeseburgers are so cheap? Or why school cafeterias still serve more meatloaf and hot dogs than fruits and vegetables? The answer may surprise you.

The Farm Bill, America’s primary federal food policy, keeps high-fat, cholesterol-laden pork, beef, cheese, and other unhealthy animal products cheap and widely available. That’s why I hope you’ll take action today to help spread the word about PCRM’s new hard-hitting Farm Bill commercial.

The Farm Bill doled out more than $70 billion in food subsidy payments from 1995 to 2005, and more than three-quarters of that money went to producers of meat, sugar, oil, dairy, alcohol, and feed crops used in meat production. Fruit and vegetable farmers received less than 1 percent of government subsidies. To make matters worse, the federal government purchases Farm Bill surplus foods like cheese, milk, pork, and beef for distribution to food assistance programs—including the National School Lunch Program.

As you may know from my previous e-mails, the House of Representatives made only minor changes to the subsidy system when it passed its version of the bill in July. Now that the Senate Agriculture Committee is expected to begin marking up its version of the Farm Bill in October, PCRM and other groups are calling for sweeping changes. PCRM has been calling attention to the problem with a new television ad about the Farm Bill, which directs people to StopChildhoodObesityNow.org. Our ad has been covered by The Wall Street Journal, The Huffington Post, MSNBC.com, and many other media outlets. As the bill comes before the Senate over the next month, I’ll need your help to send a strong message about reform.

Here’s how you can help:

1. Watch PCRM’s new Farm Bill ad on YouTube. Make sure to share it with your friends!
2. Forward this e-mail to your friends and family and let them know why they should care about the Farm Bill, too.
3. Call and e-mail your senators. Urge them to make healthy changes to the Farm Bill.

I’ll be contacting you again in the next few weeks with more updates on the Farm Bill and more details about how you can help as the bill moves through the Senate. Thank you so much for your support and help in reforming the Farm Bill. As always, please feel free to contact me at kash@pcrm.org if you have any questions.

Best regards,

Kyle Ash

Kyle Ash
Legislative Coordinator

Return to Top

10. Great Article for World Vegetarian Day

From the Allentown Morning Call

Another View
Vegetarian life-style is healthier, climate friendly

By Len Frenkel October 1, 2007


Today [October 1] is World Vegetarian Day. It may not seem significant to your life, so let me show you how seriously it impacts all of us.

Americans, as well as the people of most Western nations, are obsessed with meat and dairy foods. Every restaurant proudly advertises its selection of meat entrees. Almost everyone believes that meat and dairy are essential to life, that without them we could not survive in good health. The meat and dairy industries advertise their products to persuade us that they are good for our health. These are multibillion-dollar conglomerates, and when the grain and soy industries that feed the meat industries are thrown in, they become the largest industry in the country.

These foods are literally killing us. Kerrie Saunders, Ph.D., author of ''The Vegan Diet as Chronic Disease Prevention'' asserts that 80 to 90 percent of our common chronic diseases are related to our heavy reliance on meat and dairy. Half of our people are dying from heart disease, which is largely preventable by dietary changes. Likewise diabetes is preventable by eliminating high fat animal foods and substituting plant foods. Several cancers, such as breast, colon and prostate are strongly related to animal food consumption. Many digestive system ailments are also caused by these foods. We can only guess what the impact of all these dietary-related diseases is on our health and insurance systems, especially Medicare.

Many folks have chosen a vegetarian lifestyle out of empathy for the 10 billion factory-farmed animals raised each year for food in this country. Most of us are aware of these conditions but choose to ignore them. So we go through life in a state of denial, rarely thinking about the animals as we munch on a steak, pork chop or lamb roast.

It is difficult to visualize the overall environmental impact of raising animals for food, but it is definitely there, affecting every one of us. Even Al Gore, in his movie ''An Inconvenient Truth,'' skips over the animal agriculture effect on global warming. Glenn Beck of FOX News has criticized Gore for ignoring the role that meat plays in global warming.

Some data will help visualize the environmental situation. About 70 percent of our grain production, notably corn, barley and oats, goes to feed factory-farmed animals; 80 percent of the soybeans likewise go to animals, not tofu. Animal waste is between 3-4 trillion pounds per year, amounting to about 125 times as much as all Americans produce. Half of our water usage is for food animals. The vast majority of our land goes to livestock grazing and growing crops for feeding cows, pigs and chickens. Worldwide, enormous acreage of tropical rain forests has been leveled to provide for cattle feed and ranching.

These extreme usages are wasteful of our resources and can only lead to further environmental destruction. Then there is the issue of greenhouse gases and their contribution to the global warming. Methane from cattle is responsible for almost 20 percent of the total greenhouse gas load. Methane is more than 20 times as powerful as carbon dioxide in warming our planet. As for the major greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, think about the fuel consumed to grow, harvest and transport the crop foods; to manufacture the fertilizer; to drive irrigation pumps; to fuel the trucks that move the meat to our supermarkets, and the energy used to cook the meats. Researchers from the University of Chicago have calculated that more energy is used, and carbon dioxide produced, from meat production than is used in all forms of transportation.

Our obsession with animal-eating, then, is at a critical stage. Unless many more millions of people adopt vegetarian life-styles, our health will continue to decline and the environment will continue to deteriorate as we consume our resources beyond sustainability and destroy the conditions that make our planet livable. We are at a global ''tipping point,'' requiring major changes in our attitudes and behaviors. Becoming vegetarian is one of those changes, as have more than 800 people in the Lehigh Valley who have chosen healthy and vital living. So today, show your support for your health and the health of the planet by having a meat-free day and consider making it the first of many healthy days.

Len Frenkel of Upper Saucon Township is a member of Sustainable Communities of the Lehigh Valley and is president of Lehigh Valley Vegetarians.

Return to Top

11. Action Alert: Urge CBS To Stop the Killing of Animals For Entertainment

For years, CBS has encouraged contestants on Survivor to kill
animals for shock value. Now the network has sunk to a new low
by encouraging kids to kill animals. On a new episode of Kid
Nation, CBS' new "reality" show, kids were shown chopping
chickens' heads off.

Please click on the link below to ask CBS to stop killing
animals in lame attempts to boost its ratings.



Return to Top


** Fair Use Notice **

The material on this site is provided for educational and informational purposes. It may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. It is being made available in an effort to advance the understanding of vegetarian, environmental, nutritional, health, economic, social justice and human rights issues etc. It is believed that this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have an interest in using the included information for educational or research purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. The information on this site does not constitute legal, technical or medical advice.